A knee meniscus is a fibrocartilage that serves the purpose of separating thigh bone from tibia. This is commonly known as cartilage. Every torn meniscus has a wedged, kidney like shape.The meniscus assists with the rotational stability created by the anterior ligament. It also acts like a shock absorber as we walk, run, jerk etc.
The meniscus absorbs all this pressure and forces so that the bone surface remains safe.However, in some cases, this knee meniscus tears traumatically by twisting of flexed knee. Commonly, such trauma happens in younger athletes and takes place either anterior to posterior or might give a bucket like appearance.
However in older adults, such trauma is usually age-related. And to prevent further degeneration of torn meniscus, a surgical intervention might be required to repair the damage.
For a timely intervention, it is necessary to know more about the symptoms of the same.
Meniscus Tear Symptoms
The person might feel an unusual ‘pop’ when a meniscus tear happens. However, a lot of people ignore this early sign and continue playing and walking which can lead to a swollen and stiff knee. To detect meniscus tear symptoms properly, these are some more related symptoms,
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Meniscus Tear Treatment
The most suitable treatment can only be decided by your orthopedic depending upon the type, condition, size and location of tear. The outside 1/3rd of the meniscus has a rich blood supply and usually heals on its own. However, the inner 2/3rd of the meniscus lacks blood supply and might require meniscus surgery for repair.
If the symptoms persist even after proper RICE routine, your doctor might suggest your arthroscopic surgery.
In this, a mini camera is inserted through a small incision and after occupying a clear view, miniature surgical instruments are used to through other portals to repair the damage. The surgery can be of two types
Knee Cartilage Injury Treatment
1. Non surgical treatment: This includes regular exercises, NSAIDS, and sometimes steroidal injections. 2. Physical therapy: If damage is not excess, a regular exercise routine will be more than enough 3. Surgery: Those who do not respond well to above two methods will require surgery. The options available to them are,