Achilles tendon is a strong thin tendon that connects the muscles at the back of the lower part of the leg, i.e. the calf muscle, to the back part of the foot, i.e. the heel. Achilles tendon is the strongest tendon of human boy and is also known as heel cord. The Achilles tendon helps us to rise up on the tiptoes. Achilles tendon rupture is basically tearing or breaking down of the Achilles tendon which makes it difficult to go about with the day-to-day activities.
Symptoms of Achilles Tendon Rupture
Achilles tendon rupture although can happen to anyone, but it is more common in people who play recreational sports. A sudden jerk on the tendon, due to quickly speeding up or slowing down, may cause the tendon to rupture. Achilles tendon is more likely in men than in women. Moreover, men over 30-40 years of age are at higher risk. Another major reason that makes the Achilles tendon more vulnerable to injuries is being overweight. The most common symptoms of Achilles tendon rupture are severe pain and swelling around the heel. A person having ruptured tendon may not be able to stand on toes. A popping sound at the time of injury may indicate a tendon rupture. There is also a possibility that there are no symptoms of achilles tendon pain.
Treatments for Achilles Tendon Rupture
Achilles tendon injuries, that are minor, heal on their own with the application of ice packs and restricting the movement of heel and leg. However, for more serious injuries treatment may be required. Achilles tendon pain treatment may either be surgical or non surgical in accordance to the severity of the rupture.
Surgical Treatment For Achilles Pain
In cases, where the rupture is very serious and can’t be treated with the non surgical methods, surgery can be an option. People who are young and active are more likely to go for a surgery, on the account that surgery provides quicker and longer lasting results. Older people may also go through a surgery if there doesn’t exist any health complications.
Procedure of the Surgery
Before the surgery, the patient may be need to do MRI and ultrasound tests. The patient is advised to stop taking any blood thinning medicines, if they do, before a week of the surgery date. During the surgery, an incision is made at the back of the lower leg. The ruptured tendon is then repaired and then the incision is stitched. The surgery can be carried out as either an open surgery or as minimally invasive surgery. In minimally invasive approach the size of incision decreases hence, decreasing the risk of infection, compared to an open surgery.
After the surgery, physical therapies are advised for speedy recovery. It takes around four to six months to completely strengthen the leg and return to normal activities.