Fibroids, also known as uterine myomas, are one of the most commonly seen tumours that are found in the female reproductive system. Approximately 20%-50% of the women in the reproductive age group develop fibroids. Made of muscles cells fibroids are closely-packed tumours that grow inside the uterus.
What causes Fibroids?
Though the reason behind why fibroids are caused is still unknown there are a few factors that are believed to be the causes of uterine fibroids.
In a woman’s body the hormones, oestrogen and progesterone, are produced in the ovaries. During a menstrual cycle, they often lead to the regeneration of the uterine lining which may cause the development of fibroids.
Runs in the Family
Our genes play an important role when it comes to developing fibroids. You are most likely to have fibroids if your grandmother, mother, aunt or sister had this condition.
When a woman is pregnant, the body produces an increased amount of estrogen and progesterone, which may lead to a faster growth of fibroids.
What are the different types of Fibroids?
Fibroids are classified on the basis of the location within the uterus. The different types of fibroids are:
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What are the symptoms of Fibroids?
The uterine fibroids symptoms are different for different women. While some women have very severe and disruptive kind of symptoms, some women only show minor symptoms. Here are a few of the most common fibroids symptoms:
Treatment for Fibroids
Many doctors advise their patients to ‘wait’, as in most cases, the fibroids stop growing or may also gradually shrink as the woman reaches her menopause. But in cases where the patient is in severe discomfort and the symptoms are rather significant, there is a need of uterine fibroids treatment. The best treatment for fibroids depends on your medical history, the extent of the problem, your preference and your pregnancy issues. Generally the fibroid treatment options are:
Certain medications fight against estrogen and thus prove helpful in uterus fibroid treatment without surgery.
Uterine Artery Embolization
Uterine Artery Embolization is one of the latest innovation in the field of fibre treatments, that can be carried out without a big incision on the abdomen. The process of embolization means that the artery that supplies blood to the fibroids are blocked, which make the fibroids shrink.
For women who suffer from discomfort or pain in the pelvic area, many a time find relief with these medications.
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