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What is Multiple Sclerosis?

A disease that can cause the disabling of the brain and spinal cord, multiple sclerosis, causes the nerves to deteriorate or become permanently damaged. The multiple sclerosis symptoms depend on the amount of damage of the nerves and also on which nerves have been most affected. At times, people with MS disease may lose the ability to walk independently or completely.

Signs of Multiple Sclerosis

The signs of multiple sclerosis are different for different people, the most common ones are:
  • Feeling weak or numb in limbs, mostly on one side of the body
  • Blurred or complete loss of vision
  • Long duration of double vision
  • Lack of coordination or feeling an unsteady bearing
  • Slurring of speech
  • An electric shock like sensation when moving your neck
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue even after resting, is one of the common symptoms of ms in women
  • Body ache
  • Bowel and Bladder disfunction

If you experience multiple sclerosis symptoms & sign, then you may need to visit your doctor.

Multiple Sclerosis Causes

The multiple sclerosis causes are still unknown. It is an autoimmune disease, where the body’s tissues are attacked by its own immune system. There is destruction of myelin, a fatty substance that coats and protects nerve fibres, and therefore, the traveling of messages through the nerves is either slowed down or it gets blocked. Why MS develops in some people and not in the others, is still being studied, however, it is estimated that a combination of genetics and environmental factors may be responsible too.

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Risk Factors

The following factors can greatly increase the risk of developing the MS disease:
  • Though MS can happen to anyone at any age, yet it is most common in people between 16-60 years.
  • It is believed that women are at a 50% more likely to get the MS disease.
  • MS disease risk increases if parents or siblings have the disease.
  • Viruses causing infections have been linked to MS, including Epstein-Barr.
  • People of Northern European descent, are at high risk of developing MS as compared to Asian, African or Native American people.
  • In countries where the climate is temperate MS is much more common.
  • People with autoimmune diseases such as thyroid, type 1 diabetes or inflammatory bowel disease, are at a higher risk of developing the MS disease.
  • Smokers are more likely to develop MS than nonsmokers.

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