Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS syndrome) is a rare neurological disorder in which the immune system damages the peripheral nervous system. However, the exact cause of the disease is not clear but it usually occurs due to the respiratory infection or stomach flu.

Symptoms

The GBS symptoms start as tingling in the feet and legs that spread to the upper body. It is a medical emergency as it can even paralyze the whole body.

Some common gbs virus symptoms include:

  • Tingling sensations in fingers, toes, ankles or wrists
  • Weakness in legs
  • Inability to walk or climb stairs
  • Problem in eye or facial movements
  • Severe pain
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Low or high blood pressure
  • Difficulty breathing

 

Types

  • Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP) : It is commonly found in US and causes muscle weakness.
  • Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS): It is a disorder in which paralysis starts in the eyes. It is common in Asia and also seen in about 5 percent of people in US.
  • Acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) and acute motor-sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN) is commonly found in China, Japan and Mexico.

When to see a doctor

Whenever you feel tingling sensation in your toes or feet, breathing difficulty, consult your doctor immediately. GBS syndrome is a serious condition that can worsen rapidly. So, it is always best to start the GBS disease treatment on time for a better outcome.

Complications

GBS syndrome usually affects the nerves and people suffering from it may experience:

  • Breathing difficulties
  • Numbness or other sensations
  • Cardiac and blood pressure problems
  • Pain
  • Bowel and bladder function problems
  • Blood clots
  • Relapse

Treatment

Patients who are diagnosed with GBS syndrome should be admitted to a hospital for close monitoring GBS treatment.

  • ICU Treatment
    Many people with GBS disease symptoms require admission to an ICU because of respiratory failure. The patient should be given good supportive care to minimize problems related to immobility, bowel and bladder problems and pain issues.
  • Respiratory therapy
    Some patients require ventilator support to minimize respiratory complications. The therapy therefore optimizes lung expansion and manage airway clearance.
  • Immunotherapy
    Immunotherapy such as plasma exchange can be used to hasten recovery.
  • Physical Therapy
    Nearly 40% of patients suffering from GBS syndrome require inpatient rehabilitation. It reduces the functional deficits and target impairments and disabilities occurring from GBS.
  • Occupational and Recreational Therapy
    Occupational therapy promote upper body strengthening and aid functional self care. Recreational therapy help in the patient’s adjustment to disability. Guillain-Barre disease requires careful attention to airway, breathing, and circulation. Oxygen administration and ventilation support can be provided along with intravenous access.