Neurological disorders refer to the condition that affects brain and nervous. In other words, it is caused by the dysfunction in part of the brain or nervous system. The disorders involve the brain, spinal column or nerves and the symptoms depend on the site of damage and vary accordingly. Physical, cognitive, emotional and behavioral symptoms may be present that affects the control movement, communication, vision, hearing or thinking etc.
Usually, neurological problems in children occur in the early years of development and may be diagnosed at birth. The condition can occur as birth defects or during a child’s later years. Children’s neurological disorders symptoms appear due to the following reasons:

  • Developmental issues
  • Damaging infection
  • Brain injury

 

What Causes a Neurological Disorder?

The spinal cord and brain are covered by numerous membranes and the nerves located deep inside is more vulnerable to damage. The disorder can affect the entire neurological pathway and can result in dysfunction. The disorder can result from Lifestyle or nutrition related issues, infections, physical injuries.

Many neurological disorders in toddlers are congenital which were present at birth whereas some are developed after birth. Those with an unknown cause are termed “idiopathic.”

 

Symptoms of Neurological Problems

Some common symptoms of pediatric neurological disorders are: 

  • Partial or complete paralysis
  • Muscle weakness
  • Partial or complete loss of sensation
  • Seizures
  • Difficulty reading and writing
  • Poor cognitive abilities
  • Pain
  • Decreased alertness

Effects of Neurological Problems in Babies

Neurological disorders in infants can occur for numerous reasons and can have a wide range of effects on the baby and his or her family. Autism, epilepsy, cerebral palsy, brain injury and headache are the some common childhood neurological disorders.
  • Autism
    Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder which refers to impaired social interaction, impaired communication skills along with repetitive behavior pattern.
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    It is the common neurological disorder that makes it difficult for a child to be attentive and unable to control impulses.
  • Dyspraxia
    This is a condition which makes it hard for children to coordinate physical movements.
  • Dyslexia
    It refers to the learning disability in kids and they find difficultly in reading, writing etc.
  • Cerebral Palsy
    This is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects motor skills of a child and is caused by brain damage that occurs before or during birth .It usually occurs during pregnancy when the fetus doesn’t grow properly or develops a brain damage. Proper treatment and therapies can help improve the condition.

Medication: Drug Options for Neurological Issues

Proper medication can help to manage the condition, reduce children’s neurological disorders symptoms and improve the quality of life. However, the type of medication for the the treatment will depend on the condition. It may include corticosteroids which is used for the treatment of multiple sclerosis.