Carotid artery disease also known as carotid stenosis occurs when the blood vessels that deliver blood to brain get clogged by the fatty deposits or plaque. The buildup plaque narrows the carotid arteries and reduces the blood flow to the brain. Due to obstructed carotid arteries , brain gets deprive of oxygen and it causes stroke. Carotid artery stenosis develops slowly and can cause temporary shortage of blood flow to your brain. It is one of the major causes of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Carotid artery disease usually involves lifestyle changes, medication and sometimes carotid artery stenosis surgery.
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When to see a doctor
Whenever you experience signs and symptoms of stroke or TIA, consult your doctor right away. Your doctor may recommend about the management of risk factors of stroke. It can increase your chances of preventing carotid artery stenosis and can be treated before a disabling stroke occurs.
Types of plaques formed in the carotid vessels:
Some of the factors that can increase the risk of carotid artery disease are:
Carotid stenosis can cause stroke that can damage your brain and weaken your muscles.The disease block the blood flow in carotid arteries. As a result, the arteries becomes narrow and blood cannot reach the brain. This causes stroke. Sometimes the piece of fat deposits break and flow in the arteries. It creates a blockage in the blood vessels and stops the blood supply to the brain.
In order to prevent the carotid artery disease, you need to follow the following steps: