Acute kidney injury is not always caused due to accidents that deliver a blow to the kidney as referred to by the name. In fact, this disease worsens over a short period of time. The early symptoms are usually unnoticeable even though the disease already exists. Acute kidney injury becomes noticeable suddenly when the kidney is not able to carry out it’s main function of eliminating the waste fluids or salts by filtering the blood. If the waste materials are not eliminated, it begins to accumulate in the body, thus, hampering the functioning of other organs.
Acute kidney injury or acute kidney failure usually occurs in unhealthy or sick people. Chances of developing an acute kidney failure is usually high in patients who are already admitted for acute kidney injury treatment in hospitals for some other disease or are in ICU.
Acute kidney injury is caused when there is less blood flow to tge kidneys; this may occur due to dehydration which in turn leads to presence of less fluid in the body or due to other diseases for which the kidney injury treatment is being undertaken. It is essential that acute kidney failure be immediately treated otherwise in serious cases it may lead to complete damage of kidneys which can be a life threatening condition.
Acute kidney injury may develop in following cases: