Nephritis is the medical term used for kidney inflammation. This condition is characterized by excessive removal of protein from the blood which leads to presence of blood in urine; it can be of two types : Interstitial nephritis and Glomerulonephritis. These are usually diseases related to auto immune system of the body i.e when the body cells mistakenly begin to harm other good cells and tissues in different parts of the body; the heart, kidneys and lungs may get inflamed under different conditions.
In case of interstitial nephritis the spaces between the kidney tubules are affected; they swell up and hinder the comfortable functioning of the kidneys. It may nbe acute or chronic; the chronic condition worsens with time.
Interstitial nephritis usually occurs due to an infection or an allergic reaction or as the result of autoimmune disorders such anti tubular basement membrane disease, Kawasaki disease etc. It may also occur due to the usage of medicines such as tylenol, aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for long-term. With proper medical care, the acute cases can recover in few weeks; chronic cases lead to kidney failure.
Glomerulonephritis refers to the inflammation of the ‘glomerulus’ which helps in the filtration of the blood. The exact cause of glomerulonephritis is most of the time not known but this disease also occurs when one’s body suffers from auto immune system problems.
Lupus is an auto-immune disease and in most of the cases suffering from lupus, the kidneys are inflamed and the disease is known as lupus nephritis.
Major kidney inflammation symptoms lupus include cloudy urine, swelling of legs and ankles, fever and rashes.
Other kidney inflammation symptoms that are common to all kinds of nephritis are : pain in the pelvis, pain during urination, a frequent need to urinate, blood or pus in the urine, pain in the kidney area or abdomen, nausea, fatigue and vomiting.
Cure of Kidney Inflammation
Firstly, a proper diagnosis needs to be carried out to determine the kidney inflammation causes; the kidney inflammation treatment then varies according to the cause such as the drugs that are causing allergic reaction need to be eliminated. The medications that should be provided will be such that they do not contribute to the inflammation. Also, for prevention measures, consumption of certain antibiotics and analgesics should be done in consultation to the nephrologist and a kidney healthy diet needs to be followed.