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Overview

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease i.e inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract; different parts of the gastrointestinal tract (from the mouth to the anus) can be inflamed in different people. Either the small intestine (ileum) is inflamed or the large intestine is affected.

 

Symptoms

  • Diarrhea that persists even after taking over the counter medicines
  • Blood in stool
  • Feeling of urgency to remove bowels
  • Stomach pain
  • Constipation
  • Mouth sores
  • Fatigue

You should immediately visit the doctor if these signs are noticeable and are accompanied with fever and weight loss.

Colonoscopy, biopsy and MRI scan or CT scan needs to be performed by a specialist for complete diagnosis of the disease.

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What causes Crohn’s Disease?

The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown but it is assumed that a genetic component may be involved. It is associated with the immune system. The gastrointestinal tract contains certain harmless bacteria that aid in the digestion of food. During immunity disorder, the body cells attack those bacteria and lead to inflammation of the intestinal wall. Improper diet and stress can aggravate the condition.

 

Crohn’s Disease Treatment options

In current times, best treatment for crohn’s disease can vary according to the complications caused by it. There are two options available for it’s control: medicines and surgery.

Crohn’s disease treatment by medicines will always be more preferred unless, the condition is very critical. Different drugs such as antibiotics, vitamins, steroids, immunosuppressants etc are provided so as to control the attack of the bacteria present in the gastrointestinal tract and relieve the condition. The patient is also advised to take liquid or soft solid diet. Sometimes, if the condition has aggravated stronger medicines called biological medicines are required; they can be used as a long-term medical treatment for crohn’s disease and they prevent the symptoms from reappearing.

Surgery is the last option available and it is considered only when the benefits are more. The inflamed part of the gastrointestinal tract is cut away and the remaining, healthy parta are stitched together.

Crohn’s disease latest treatment includes treatment by stem cells; treatment by stem cells is becoming widely popular. Stem cells are the mother cells that bring about the development of a human body from a two- celled embryo. In recent times, due to research and advancement in the field of medicine, stem cells are being widely used to treat numerous diseases such as spinal cord injury, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease or other neurological problems, Crohn’s disease etc.

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