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Overview

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder which occurs in reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat or barley and other food grains. It is also referred to as a genetic condition. When a person having celiac disease consumes gluten, as a result of immunity disorder, reactions happen in the body which tend to injure the small intestine. It gradually grows in the long term, thus, injuring the walls of the small intestine. The damaged walls of the intestine cannot absorb the nutrients well and result in digestive disorders and indigestion like diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, bloating and anemia.

 

Symptoms

The Celiac disease symptoms are different in children and adults. In smaller children up to age 2, the common symptoms are diarrhoea, vomiting and swollen stomach. In older children, the symptoms can vary from diarrhoea, weight loss, loss of appetite, delayed puberty, short stature, neurological retard which include learning disabilities etc. Symptoms in adults

  • Diarrhoea
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Gas and bloating
  • Constipation
  • Acid reflux and heart pain
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Nervous system injury
  • Skin itchiness and rashes
Visit your doctor if diarrhoea and other digestive disorders remain persistent for two weeks. Blood test will be required to determine the disease.

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Treatment

Medications

The best celiac disease treatment is complete elimination of gluten from your diet. You need to stay away from everything that contains the protein gluten such as wheat, barley, gram flour etc.

In serious cases of celiac disease, the walls of the small intestine may be damaged and the doctors will prescribe steroids to control and relieve the inflammation. If your symptoms include dermatitis as well, then the doctor may also recommend a skin medication.

In case of children, strict adherence to gluten free diet accompanied with medicines works wonders and reverses the condition. Children witness better improvement in their height and weight, also, their physical and psychological growth becomes normal.

Though the disease has witnessed reversal in case of children, the same is not true for adults. There has been no proven case of reversal of celiac disease in adults but it can be controlled to an appreciable extent. However,

As of now, treatment for celiac disease in adults also involves gluten free diet and follow up. Follow up is required to test whether you are being benefited by the gluten free diet or not and also to see if you are receiving a balanced diet good enough to lead a healthy life.

 

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