Clinically, infertility is defined by the inability of men and women to achieve pregnancy after a year of having intercourse without the use of birth control or protection of any kind. To further expand the definition, it also suggests at women who have two or more failed pregnancies during their lives.
There are plenty of studies that have been researching on infertility in both men and women. These also point at after one whole year of having unprotected sex, nearly 15% of couples are unable to conceive, while this is also the case with couples who had unprotected intercourse for more than two years. On the other hand, some couples are otherwise healthy and below the age of 30 can conceive in the first three months.
Infertility is a result of many different medical conditions and other factors combining. Individually, there could be single, multiple or no causes at all to determine the reasons for their infertility. The issue of infertility, however, is well divided among both sexes, with one third caused by women, during the same amount by males. They combine to cause the last remaining third of the problem.
Here, we focus on the issues with male fertility and what are the seven most common reasons that cause the problem, even though there are, however, plenty of known and unknown reasons for the same –
The quantity of Sperm
Sperm quantity is the most common and viable reasons for male infertility. Semen might contain fewer sperms or many times, no sperm at all, and this can impact male fertility in a big way. On the other hand, the overall sperm count has a significant impact in determining male infertility. For instance sperm count less than 15 million per millilitre of semen is considered low. A concerned patient can always analyse their sperm to determine if this is the primary reason.
Quality of sperm
The quantity of sperm is one reason, then there is the quality part of it. The quality of sperm impacts fertility in a big way, such as sperm mobility or having an abnormal sperm. In general, if the movement of sperm is decreased it severely impacts the quality part of it, as in most cases of movement, the sperm fails to reach the egg to fertilise it. Abnormal sperm is something very much unexplained but it does have an irregular shape to it, and it is this shape that makes it harder to reach the egg and fertilise it further. Again, one can always check their quality and quantity of sperm with a total analysis.
Many males have problems with ejaculation. This severely impacts the fertility, if the sperm fails to reach the egg. For instance, premature ejaculation, retrograde ejaculation and the total failure to ejaculate are all deemed to impact fertility.
Lifestyle has a significant role to play in male fertility. Men who smoke, consume excessive alcohol, illegal drugs, unsafe sex, dietary choices, steroids etc. all play a vital role in changing the fertility status in men. These factors usually end up blocking sperm passage, thus becoming a big reason for male infertility.
Testicles play an essential role in the fertility process. Testiccles contain the sperm and protect the delicate cells from outer environment, meaning any impact on the testicles will severely affect the quality of the sperm.
Infertility in males is caused by various other reasons as well. It is imperative that one analyses their fertility rate as well as the sperm count and quality when in doubt. Furthermore, visit an andrologist for further clarifications and doubts one might have over their fertility problems.
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