If each of these valves function properly, the adequate blood flow maintains a healthy supply to the body. As one ages, the valves may stiffen up (stenosis) making the blood flow restricted. On the contrary, there is also a possibility of the valves weakening, leading to blood regurgitation or leakage. In either case, there is a high chance of a coronary problem. So, to maintain the correct situation of the valves, the doctor may suggest Valvuloplasty.

Balloon mitral Valvuloplasty or mitral valvuloplasty is the procedure done to increase the opening of the stiffened up mitral valve. During the balloon valvuloplasty procedure, a catheter is inserted into the hole between the upper two chambers of the heart. The special catheter carries a balloon, which is placed directly inside the narrowed valve. The balloon is then inflated and deflated multiple times to widen the narrowed valve.

Balloon aortic valvuloplasty is quite similar to the mitral valvuloplasty. The difference being that this procedure is performed to remove the stiffening of the aortic valve, i.e. aortic stenosis. As part of the procedure, a specialized catheter is inserted through the aortic valve of the heart. The balloon is then inflated and deflated multiple times, thereby reducing the blockage of the valve.

Although, a non-surgical procedure, valvuloplasty procedure is comparatively risk free. But, like any other medical procedure, even cardiac valvuloplasty is not completely risk free. Some of the possible risks are
  • Bleeding at the site where the catheter is inserted
  • Allergic reaction to the dye
  • Blood clotting
  • Infection at wound site
  • Abnormal heart rhythms
  • Kidney failure
  • Stroke

It is imperative that after the valvuloplasty procedure, the instructions by the doctor are strictly adhered to for an effective recovery.