The heart is the first organ in a human body which sets working when a child is in its mother’s womb. From then till his/her last breath, the heart beats continuously. The heart stops, the life ends! There is no negotiation in that. The hype related to heart issues is common cross-culturally and none if it is overdone.
Your heart is very strong and highly tolerant. But it was to face some issues, you should be able to read the symptoms, understand the consequences, eliminate potentially harmful factors and know the options of your treatment. This blog gives you just that! Here is all you need to know about Myocardial infarction.
What Is A Myocardial Infarction?
A myocardial infarction is commonly known as a heart attack. It is a permanent damage to the muscles of the heart, called cardiac myocytes. Various factors might lead to the damage of a section of your cardiac muscles. When that happens, you suffer from a myocardial infarction. But don’t worry, you will usually experience the typical myocardial infarction symptoms before having a heart attack. The severity of the damage is determined by how much muscle was affected. It’s unlikely that all or most of your cardiac muscles will get damaged in just one ‘attack’.
What Happens During A Myocardial Infarction?
Certain substances like cholesterol, blood clot, etc. sometimes deposit on the walls of your artery blocking the blood flow gradually or suddenly. When this happens, you will experience myocardial infarction symptoms. The blockage can deprive a portion of your cardiac muscles of receiving any blood. If the blood flow is not restored within 20-30 minutes, the deprived area suffers from permanent damage. If this condition is left untreated, the damage will spread and will finally damage your entire heart. This implies death!
What Are The Causes Of A Myocardial Infarction?
There is no specific factor which can be pinned to be a cause of a myocardial infarction. But, there are various factors which may make you more vulnerable to getting a myocardial infarction. Here is a list of risk factors – you can use this as a checklist to find out how prone you are to getting a myocardial infarction.
- Advanced age
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Genetic predisposition
- Smoking and alcohol consumption
- Drug abuse
- Vigorous exercise (the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart might fall short to meet the recently increased requirement)
When it comes to myocardial infarction, men are more prone to getting one as compared to women.
What Are The Myocardial Infarction Symptoms?
The myocardial infarction symptoms are generally too strong for anyone to overlook. Unlike the symptoms of a heart failure which develop over a period of time, the myocardial infarction symptoms will show abruptly.
- (Immense) chest pain/ burning/ heaviness/acidity/ burps..
- A congestivity in the chest.
- Trouble in breathing
- Pain that spreads from the head to the neck, shoulder and the left arm
- Cold sweat
Minor myocardial infarction can also come silently i.e., without any myocardial infarction symptoms. Sometimes, some people suffer silent heart attacks even if it is not a very minor one. It’s called silent because such myocardial infarction gives minimal or no symptoms which are easy to ignore. Such other myocardial infarction symptoms may include:
- Pain in the left arm or upper waist
What Is The Treatment For A Myocardial Infarction?
Myocardial infarction involves a lot of pain. So, the first thing you will need is a common aspirin tablet. Your health care expert will try to reduce your blood pressure by giving you some medicine or by asking you rest and relax. Then the actual issue needs to be addressed. An anti-clotting medicine or a clot prevention drug will dissolve the clot in your artery or prevent formation any more clots. There are certain medical drugs which will dilate your veins so that blood flow is restarted. If these primary approaches do not work, then your heart condition is serious. It will require imaging by catheterization lab.
A catheter to your heart through your leg or arm is sent. A catheter is a medical tool which is like a thin tube through which medication injected and arteries can be seen in the x-ray image. It also might hold micro-tools like camera, light, etc. Using the micro-camera fit to the catheter, the doctor can assess the exact problem. The catheter also has a micro-balloon in it. It is taken to the blocked area and inflated. This opens up the blockage. Depending on your condition, the Cardiologist might also use a mesh or a stent to keep the artery artificially open for a longer time.
Cardiac bypass surgery is an open heart surgery and hence, it is not an option for everyone. The experts consider various other health factors like diabetes, emphysema, kidney diseases etc. to determine if you are fit to go for this procedure. Although, minimally invasive techniques, resolve a lot of complications.
In a coronary heart bypass surgery, the damaged tissues in the artery are stitched and tucked away. They are replaced with healthy tissue from your chest or leg or another part of the body which the doctor finds suitable. Once the transplantation of tissue is done, blood can flow normally through it. At Vinn Hospitals, the staff at our Emergency Ward is very efficient in dealing with life-threatening cases emergencies like a myocardial infarction. No matter what time of the day you check in, you will always find an Expert Cardiologist to help you out during the time of need.
About the Hospital:
Vinn Multi Speciality Hospital has been providing comprehensive treatments and cares for its patients, with the best in class doctors, specialists and support staff. Our teams and units are dedicated in their cause to ensure optimum health for all our patients. Vinn Hospital has the best, state-of-the-art Facilities, which treat an array of diseases and disorders all under one roof.
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